Green beans are not part of the bean family. They are actually part of the legume family. All beans are legumes, but not all legumes are beans. Green beans are easy to grow and a great addition to your Phoenix vegetable garden.
How to Plant & Grow Green Beans in Phoenix
The two main choices in green beans is the bush bean or the pole bean. Which is better? Depends on the size of your garden. The bush bean growth is more compact and good for a small garden. The pole bean grows vertical 10 feet or more, so a support structure is needed for this type of bean.
Best Time to Plant Green Beans
Green beans are unique warm season vegetables because there are two ideal times to plant them in Phoenix.
For an early season crop plant green beans in March and April. They can also be planted again at the end of July through the beginning of September. This gives you a chance to harvest green beans twice each year. If you stagger planting every couple weeks you will have a continuous harvest.
Companion Plants for Green Beans
Green beans are part of the legume family, so relatives such as snow or sugar snap peas do well planted nearby. The best companion plants for green beans include peas, cucumber, parsley, and radishes. Bush beans benefit from being interplanted with strawberries.
Similar to people green beans don’t get along with every vegetable. You should not plant green beans with onions, peppers, or tomatoes. Keep them away from sunflowers as well.
How to Care for Green Beans
Beans have shallow roots, so place mulch around them to keep them cool from the Arizona sun.
Light Requirements: Green beans need full sun or about 6 hours of sun a day.
Soil Requirements: Prefers loamy well-drained soil, but green beans can also grow well in amended clay soils as well. Green beans like slightly acidic to neutral pH. The soil pH range of 6-7 is ideal.
Water Requirements: Green beans like well-drained soil. They need about 2″ of water each week.
When to Harvest Green Beans
The average harvest time is 60-90 days. As always, we recommend choosing a variety with the quickest harvest time.